As a cyclist in California, you know the importance of wearing a helmet at all times. A single accident caused by a negligent driver can cause serious brain trauma and may lead to a traumatic brain injury. Brain injuries are not uncommon in California or across the country. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 155 people die every day as a result of brain injuries. Approximately 2.87 million people visit the emergency room or hospital or die every year because of brain trauma.
TBIs happen when a sudden jolt or bump to the head causes the soft tissue of the brain to reverberate within the skull cavity. As the tissue hits against the hard bone of the skull, it can bruise, bleed and swell. Consistent swelling of the brain causes pressure within the skull cavity, which can cause additional trauma and damage.
Signs and symptoms of a brain injury may not appear for several days after the accident occurred. It is important to seek immediate medical attention and keep an eye out for the following signs:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Tingling in the extremities or muscle weakness
- Persistent headaches
- Blurred vision or other sensory deficiencies
- Memory loss, difficulty concentrating and sleeping problems
Moderate to severe brain injuries may involve loss of consciousness, personality changes and trouble speaking. Signs of TBI also vary depending on the area of the brain sustained the injury as well as how severe the injury is.
Once you receive a brain injury diagnosis, a physician will create a customized treatment plan. This may include physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy and counseling.